June 1936 published in Shanghai Manhua (Shanghai sketch) vol. 2
Collage of Niubizi
This image of a collage was found in the
second volume of the magazine, Shanghai Cartoons (Shanghai Manhua), 1936.
The dark background of the batik print suggests
the dark period that China was going through while the floral designs depicting
the deep rich culture of China. The Guomindang flag is placed on top of the
batik print, in the center of the picture.
There are three Niubizi figures, the top figure is Chiang Kaishek in his cape with short Hitler like moustache. Chiang was sometimes referred to as the Hitler of the east, he is stepping on the ‘sun’ emblem of the national flag. On his head is a Chinese pavilion, likely a reference to Buddhism or Temple of heaven in Beijing. To his right is a representation of the Christian missionary. By the two sides of the cross appears to be stalks of grain. The Niubizi to the left represents the Chinese people whose arms are in bandages and legs have been torn from the body like the territories of China that had been taken from the Chinese. The boat is still a bit of a mystery but resembles western ships.
On April 21, 1928 (the 17th year of the Republic of China), one of the most influential cartoon magazines in China's history, the weekly "Shanghai Manhua" was born. It was published by the "Manhua Club" organized by Ding Song, Zhang Guangyu and others. "Shanghai Manhua" were stone-printed copies, each issue had 48 pages with 4 pages in color. On June 7, 1930 it ceased to exist as it merged with "Shidai Huabao".
"Shidai Huabao" was co-founded on September 20, 1929 by Ye Qianyu, Zhang Guangyu brothers and Huang Wennong. "Shidai Huabao" appeared to be more lively because it was interspersed with considerable number of cartoons. It was called a "professional entertainer" among the 4 major picture magazines "Liangyou", "Shidai", "Wenhua" and "Zhonghua".
On May 10, 1936 Zhang Guangyu published "Shanghai Manhua". It had the same name as the one founded 1928, but this one is by Zhang Guangyu alone and not by the Manhua Club.