Ziyou Hua - Flowers
For flowers under ziyou hua, apart from mastering the Chinese way of painting flowers, the artist should also consider the western approach to this subject. The classical painting's composition of flowers and tones of color, and the modern artists' bold contrasts of colors, lines and geometric shapes should be examined. He should then combine the East and the West's techniques and express his insight through painting the flora. This insight is what is known as the words of his heart. It is a form of wisdom that is rare but real.
In the history of Chinese painting, there was an artist who painted a bunch of fresh flowers. In the morning, when he opened his window, the birds flew in and sang. It was because the painter was able to express the words of his heart which the birds could 'hear'. Similarly, the flowers in the painting should transmit to the viewers the same feeling like those detected by the birds in this story. Perhaps this is the spirit of the painting. If so, it will have the spirit of morning. It can then be said that the flower painting under ziyou hua is a painting of the morning.
Huang Yao, Shiyong Huagao, 1957-1958
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